Medium access control design for all-IP and ad hoc wireless network
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Doctor of Philosophy
De, Swades K.
Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol in a wireless network controls the access of wireless medium by mobile terminals, in order to achieve its fair and efficient sharing. It plays an important role in resource management and QoS support for applications. All-IP wireless WAN is fully IP protocol-based and it is a strong candidate beyond 3G (Third Generation Wireless Network). Ad hoc wireless network has recently been the topic of extensive research due to its ability to work properly without fixed infrastructure.
This dissertation is composed of two main parts. The first part pursues a Prioritized Parallel Transmission MAC (PPTM) design for All-IP Wireless WAN. Two stages are used and each packet is with a priority level in PPTM. In stage 1, a pretransmission probability is calculated according to the continuous observation of the channel load for a certain period of time. In stage 2, a packet is prioritized and transmitted accordingly. It is modeled and analyzed as a nonpreemptive Head-Of-the-Line prioritized queueing system with Poisson arrival traffic pattern. Its performance is analyzed under three other traffic patterns, which are Constant Bit Rate, Exponential On/Off, and Pareto On/Off, by using a NS-2 simulator, and compared with that of Modified Channel Load Sensing Protocol. PPTM supports dynamic spread code allocation mechanism. A mobile terminal can apply for a spreading code according to the current channel condition.
To use the idea of dynamic bandwidth allocation in PPTM for adhoc wireless network, a Dynamic-Rate-with-Collision-Avoidance (DRCA) MAC protocol is proposed in the second part of the dissertation. DRCA is based on spread spectrum technology. In DRCA, a terminal sets the spreading factor for a packet according to the activity level of neighboring nodes. If the total number of usable spreading codes with this spreading factor is less than the total number of mobile terminals in the network, to avoid collision, the spreading code id is broadcast such that other terminals can avoid using it when the packet is being transmitted. The performance of DRCA is theoretically analyzed in a slotted, single-hop, multi-user environment. To evaluate DRCA's performance in an environment closed to a real one, a simulator that supports multi-hop, random mobility pattern is created with OPNET. Both theoretical and simulation results show that DRCA outperforms MACA/CT (Multiple Access with Collision Avoidance with Common Transmitter-based) in case if there are more than one communication pair and the ratio of inactive mobile terminals to active ones is high.
njit-etd2006-076 (137 pages ~ 5,597 KB pdf)
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Created September 8, 2008