Spectrum control and iterative coding for high capacity multiband OFDM
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Master of Science
Multiband Orthogonal Frequency Division Modulation
The emergence of Multiband Orthogonal Frequency Division Modulation (MB-OFDM) as an ultra-wideband (UWB) technology injected new optimism in the market through realistic commercial implementation, while keeping promise of high data rates intact. However, it has also brought with it host of issues, some of which are addressed in this thesis.
The thesis primarily focuses on the two issues of spectrum control and user capacity for the system currently proposed by the Multiband OFDM Alliance (MBOA). By showing that line spectra are still an issue for new modulation scheme (MB-OFDM), it proposes a mechanism of scrambling the data with an increased length linear feedback shift register (compared to the current proposal), a new set of seeds, and random phase reversion for the removal of line spectra. Following this, the thesis considers a technique for increasing the user capacity of the current MB-OFDM system to meet the needs of future wireless systems, through an adaptive multiuser synchronous coded transmission scheme. This involves real time iterative generation of user codes, which are generated over time and frequency leading to increased capacity. With the assumption of complete channel state information (CSI) at the receiver, an iterative MMSE algorithm is used which involves replacement of each users s signature with its normalized MMSE filter function allowing the overall Total Squared Correlation (TSC) of the system to decrease until the algorithm converges to a fixed set of signature vectors. This allows the system to be overloaded and user's codes to be quasi-orthogonal. Simulation results show that for code of length nine (spread over three frequency bands and three time slots), ten users can be accommodated for a given QoS and with addition of single frequency sub-band which allows the code length to increase from nine to twelve (four frequency sub-bands and three time slots), fourteen users with nearly same QoS can be accommodated in the system. This communication is overlooked by a central controller with necessary functionalities to facilitate the process. The thesis essentially considers the uplink from transmitting devices to this central controller. Furthermore, analysis of this coded transmission in presence of interference is carried to display the robustness of this scheme through its adaptation by incorporating knowledge of existing Narrowband (NB) Interference for computing the codes. This allows operation of sub-band coexisting with NB interference without substantial degradation given reasonable interference energy (SIR=-l0dB and -5dB considered). Finally, the thesis looks at design implementation and convergence issues related to code vector generation whereby, use of Lanczos algorithm is considered for simpler design and faster convergence. The algorithm can be either used to simplify design implementation by providing simplified solution to Weiner Hopf equation (without requiring inverse of correlation matrix) over Krylov subspace or can be used to expedite convergence by updating the signature sequence with eigenvector corresponding to the least eigenvalue of the signature correlation matrix through reduced rank eigen subspace search.
njit-etd2004-117 (106 pages ~ 4,143 KB pdf)
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Created January 5, 2005